Lifestyles and impacts on the health of communities

An article by Enrique Monsalvo San Macario,
Family and Community Nursing Specialist. Nurse of Madrid College of Nursing (CODEM)
Member of Community Care, Madrid Scientific Care Association (SOCMAC). MISKC Research Group Member (UAH)

this lifestyles they are a component with a high impact on the health of populations, as identified by Lalonde. However, apart from devoting very little resources to this determinant of health, excluding the child population, it seems that doomed even more to oblivion.

This article aims restoring the importance of lifestyles for healthfocuses on the stage of old age that characterizes some of the nuances of one’s relationship and care, as well as the relationship with people’s care.

Talking about lifestyle or healthy habits can often be a vague or confusing topic due to the great variability in focus of attention over the years.

this healthy lifestyles (or conducive to health) is defined by the World Health Organization as: “A lifestyle that profoundly affects health, based on behavioral patterns determined by the interaction between personal characteristics, socioeconomic and environmental living conditions”. So, this how people interact with themselves and their environment (social and environmental).

geriatric lifestyles
Lifestyles are a component that has a high impact on the health of populations.

On this basis, it is easy to think about. life style (or lifestyle) closely related to careDefined by Collière as the act of sustaining life by meeting a set of basic needs. In this sense, both WHO’s definition and the theoretical nurse’s definition emphasize that this care (or lifestyle) will be implemented in different ways depending on the different characteristics of people and their interactions with the patient environment.

Therefore, the characterization of the person is of interest for understanding and describing how they are cared for. This knowledge area has been developed. different conceptual models of careLike Orem’s Self-Care theory and later Personal Care Vulnerability Model, By Fernandez Battle.

This conceptual model is based on the idea that the person is essentially a vulnerable being, dependent on their own inner need, and the way to deal with this vulnerability is to make decisions that lead to: acts of care for survivalIt affects the capacity and needs of the person who shapes that person over time and the next moment.

The way to understand people’s vulnerability under this frame of reference is, need (recognition that the greater the need, the greater the vulnerability) and competition (to be inversely proportional, that is, the lower the competence, the more vulnerable the person is). Based on these principles, the vital stage of old age will positively affect the fragility of the person as it is characterized as a disease. stage of progressive decline of vital functions and capacities.

In addition, given that this increase in vulnerability is progressive and sustained over time, increased fragilityIt is defined as the cumulative deficit resulting from the reduction in capacity. This view is a challenge in caring for the elderly, because fragility implies a decrease in the ability to recover from the slightest injury or impairment, because the body systems are in an unstable balance, which makes special sense. care aimed at promoting health and preventing change.

Vulnerability therefore occurs as a result of a person’s history (how they are cared for) and influences the outlook for potential care problems.

However, besides being concerned with one’s own person, one must also approach how to behave. include the basics of self-care (to take care of me) in the care of the other (take care of yourself).

In this sense, looking at a person means assuming their various pasts to perform actions in the present that have repercussions on their possible future; and Taxonomic Triangulation, defined by González Aguña as a method of observing the reality of care from three perspectives:

  • most person’s status (past)
  • most action (Available)
  • and life purpose (the future)

From respite care management to vital stage old age characterized by the convergence of two states: a lots of past availability (which suits the characterization of a person very attached to their living habits) and a relatively small amount of future (linked to nearing the end of life due to age).

For all these reasons, attention to this population group, personalization of carekeeping one’s self as a backbone, knowing how to care usual thus they serve as a basal system to integrate with the rest of the system.

Regarding the proposed goals developed from the care plan created for the person in question, valuing those who represent a greater bond or belonging to him with regard to the vital stages, so the goals preventing new ailments or changes It is fundamental because it will have a greater impact on the idea of ​​a person from all their backgrounds and at the same time minimize excessively long-term goals that require high energy and time for one to carry. them out.

after all, The approach to life habits in old age assumes a continuous commute. throughout one’s life continuum: knowing one’s past, how they were shaped, and their current life goals and resources to achieve them is a complex journey. the art of looking after others.

bibliography advice:

Collier, M. (1993). Encourage life. Madrid: McGraw-Hill-Interamericana de España.

Fernández Batalla, M., Monsalvo San Macario, E., González Aguña, A., & Santamaría García, JM (2018). Design of an analysis method to calculate frailty as an indicator of health frailty. Jan Rev Nursing, 12(1), 786.

Fernandez Savas, M. (2018). Person in care: formalizing key variables of care in the health trajectory. [Tesis doctoral] Alcala University.

González Aguña, A., Fernández Batalla, M., Gasco González, S., Cercas Duque, A., Jiménez Rodríguez, ML, & Santamaría García, JM (2020). Taxonomic Triangulation of Care in Healthcare Protocols: Mapping Diagnostic Information from Standardized Language. INC, 39(3), 145-153.

Gonzalez Aguna, A. (2021). Normalized language as a representation of knowledge: the care variable, the basis for the development of knowledge-based systems. [Tesis doctoral] Alcala University.

Lalonde, M. (1974). A new perspective on Canadian health: a working document.

Monsalvo San Macario, E. and Fernández Batalla, M. (2017). Formalization of balance as a maintenance engine. Jan Rev Nursing, 11(3), 737.

Orem, D. (1993). Orem’s model: nursing concepts in practice. Barcelona: Scientific and Technical Publications.

World Health Organization (WHO). (1998). Health Promotion – Glossary. Geneva: Ministry of Health and Consumption.

Santamaria Garcia, JM (2008). Deductive research, logical representation and computational application on the action limitations of self-care according to Dorothea Orem’s model. [Tesis doctoral] Alcala University.

Santamaria Garcia, JM, et al. (2010). Notes on caring 1.1: why and how (2nd ed.). Maintenance Methodology and Innovation Department (FUDEN).

Santamaria Garcia, JM and Jimenez Rodriguez, ML (2016). Axioms of Care: Fundamentals of conceptual understanding. MISKC_ENE group.

#Lifestyles #impacts #health #communities

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