Budget 2023: No cuts in Science and Technology | Science and Technology Resources will grow by 32 percent

Budget 2023: No cuts in Science and Technology |  Science and Technology Resources will grow by 32 percent

Along with the text of the 2023 Budget, approved by the committee and soon to be debated in Congress, a special report assured a 5.3 percent cut in Science and Technology. They deny from the ministry: “Function budget Science and Technology was increased to 32 percent fixed values ​​in the 2023 Budget“It has reached 500,921 million pesos, which corresponds to 0.34 percent of GDP, which the Science and Technology Financing Law has set as a target,” he said.

Inside Response to the “National Education Budget 2023” report of Argentinos por la EducaciónFocusing on cuts in spending for the education portfolio but confirming that 22 out of 25 budgetary jurisdictions, i.e. ministries or other institutions, would receive fewer resources if approved on the terms in which the law was presented. real conditions. Within these jurisdictions is the Science, Technology and Innovation portfolio, which will suffer a budget cut of 5.3 percent according to specific estimates.

However, the Observatory Report “a Calculation error when analyzing the new budget according to the 85 percent inflation forecast, not 60 percent This is envisaged on the basis of the 2023 Budget,” says Daniel Filmus, from the portfolio led. “As we all know, if inflation is above 60 percent, income and therefore expenditures will grow proportionally. in every field,” he continues.

For example, in the 2022 budget sent to the National Congress by the executive, which was not approved by the Congress, the resource allocated to Science and Technology was projected to be 187 billion pesos. Based on complementary administrative decisions, the Science and Technology budget today is close to 240 billion pesos. This application is applied if the inflation exceeds the forecast in the budget.

In addition to its capricious calculation of inflation projected for 2023, the Observatory report The Undersecretariat of Treasury does not take into account the proportional part of its obligations corresponding to the Ministry of Science and Technology. in calculating the special budget of the area. These Obligations, which represent approximately 25 percent of the total IT resources, will be distributed in 2023 according to the needs of each scientific institution. “It should be clarified that a large part of the Argentine Scientific and Technological System does not belong to Mincyt. It belongs to other Ministries such as CNEA, Inta, Inti, National Meteorological Institute, Argentine Antarctic Institute, etc.” They say about the error from CyT.

In short, if we get the inflationary hypothesis right, the 2023 National Budget for Science and Technology function grows 32 percent at constant values. In the case of the Ministry of Science and Technology, the growth in fixed values, including the Obligations on the Science Treasury, is 9.8 percent.

As of 2019, the national government has set Science and Technology as one of its priorities and has made budgetary decisions that prioritize this sector. These decisions allowed for a good portion of the decline in investment, which meant a loss in Science and Technology’s participation from 0.35 percent to 0.22 percent of GDP between 2015 and 2019, to recover. “The unanimous approval of the Science and Technology Law in 2021 gives the industry the opportunity to implement medium and long-term policies that enable increased investment,” Portfolio said.

The report, cited by the Ministry of Science, was prepared by researchers Javier Curcio and Conicet from the Faculty of Economic Sciences at the University of Buenos Aires (UBA), and Gabriela Catri and Martín Nistal of the Argentine Educational Observatory, and has been reproduced in a variety of settings. The authors concluded that the 2023 education budget is the second lowest in the past eleven years, with half of national governments making adjustments to education appropriations over the past decade.

In one of the departments, they ensure that most of the agencies that make up the national administration have fewer resources in real terms: the Ministry of Tourism and Sports will be affected by the largest regulation (26 percent), the Economy (20.8 percent), and the Ministry of Health. (19.2 percent). However, calculations are made on the inflation predicted in the Market Expectation Survey (PEP), which stems from the special forecasts made by the Central Bank, and gives the price increase for the period as 85.2 percent. Although it can be taken as valid data, it does not serve as a comparison for analyzing a budget that predicts a price increase of 60 percent, or even a budget that requires readjustment of resources and expenditures if inflation is higher than projected.

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