Science, technology and innovation, heroes of the transformation of agri-food systems

Last Wednesday, October 19, the first Science and Innovation Forum of the World Food Forum, organized by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), opened, where research played a key role in transforming our agri-food systems. .

Existing agri-food systems have shown the need to rethink them. The climate emergency demands new forms of production and consumption, and research plays a central role in this context. This has been one of the main conclusions drawn from the study. Science and Innovation Forum Organized by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the World Food Forum will examine key scientific developments and provide a platform to analyze the opportunities and associated risks to ensure food, nutrition and livelihood security for all people.

FAO Director-General, QU Dongyu, opened the Forum and said: “We are witnessing a fast-paced scientific and technological revolution.” The expert referred to genetic improvement of crops and livestock, innovations in breeding methods and gene editing technologies, examples of crops with great potential to develop tolerance to stress and develop resistance to pests and diseases. He also talked about remote sensing and satellite information, as well as early warnings to help governments and farmers better adapt to threats and crises.

Various studies have shown that there has been an increase in hunger in the world recently. The coronavirus pandemic has highlighted the fragility of agri-food systems and inequalities in societies, further increasing hunger and poverty. World. The FAO condemns that up to 828 million people are starving in 2021, representing an increase of 150 million since the outbreak of the pandemic.

In this context, the Director-General of FAO stated that we must act immediately to reverse this unacceptable trend. In this sense, science and innovation support proven fact-based decision making for these measures.

this FAO Strategic Framework 2022-2031 centralizes the desire to leave no one behind through more efficient, inclusive, resilient and sustainable agri-food systems. Technology and innovation are two of the four accelerators in the Organization’s Strategic Framework, along with Data and complements (management, human capital, and institutions).

Experts affirm that it is necessary to use science, technology and innovation to take advantage of new opportunities and ensure that there is no poverty, hunger or malnutrition in the world. To bring together FAO initiatives in a coherent framework and facilitate the development of new initiatives, FAO developed its first initiative. Strategy for science and innovation. FAO believes that for technology and innovation to contribute to reducing hunger, malnutrition and other inequalities around the world, they must be part of a concerted effort that includes a range of other interventions.

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