The most dangerous fungi for health and the diseases they cause are from WHO

this world Health Organization (WHO) this Tuesday released a report with the first list. 19 mushrooms that represent the greatest threat to public health.

The group of technical experts supporting WHO to carry out this work is coordinated by the following. Carlos III Institute of Health (ISCIII), researcher of the National Center for Microbiology Ana Alastruey (CNM).

Alastruey, chief scientist of the Mycology Laboratory at CNM-ISCIII, said the report distinguishes fungal pathogens according to their priority level for research and public health.

Fungi appear as critical pathogens. ‘Candida auris’, ‘Cryptococcus neoformans’, ‘Candida albicans’ and ‘Aspergillus fumigatus’cause diseases such as meningitis, pneumonia anyone blood infections.

For a total of 19 fungi analyzed in the WHO report presented this Tuesday, two other groups bring together pathogenic fungi of high and medium priority. Geneva.

Diseases caused by pathogenic fungi, and especially invasive fungal disease, grows between groups Special risks such as immunocompromised persons, transplant recipients, oncological treatments, people with chronic diseases or those admitted to intensive care units.

Also, increased resistance to fighting drugs fungal infections They complicate the treatment of diseases that are aggravated in many places by the problems of diagnosis and access to treatments.

This is particularly worrying because limited list of antifungal drugs available for the treatment of human infections (only four families: azoles, echinocandins, pyramidins and polyenes) and several new compounds in research and development.

“Getting out of the shadow of the bacterial antimicrobial resistance pandemic, fungal infections are growing and becoming more resistant to treatments, it is becoming a worldwide public health problem,” warned the WHO Deputy Director-General for Antimicrobial Resistance, Hanan Balky.

This list of fungal pathogens, priorities in biomedical research and health careIt follows the path of the initiative initiated by WHO in 2017 with the list of bacterial pathogens within the framework of combating antibiotic resistance.

The overall results of this project on mushrooms, Implementation of resistance surveillance programs, the need to develop new antifungal compounds and diagnostic methods accessible in low- and middle-income countries, and to improve fungal infection education.

The report sets parameters and priorities to improve the management of pathogenic fungi, including serious illnesses, hospital stays, epidemiological surveillance, antimicrobial resistance levels, diagnostic tools and available treatments, among other problems.

As Ana Alastruey explains, this list will guide research on the most threatening pathogens to public health, It will promote international coordination and facilitate possible decisions regarding the prevention, control and management of infections.

#dangerous #fungi #health #diseases

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